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  Structured Cabling For Commercial Properties

From an investment point of view structured cabling provides an exceptional ROI. A structured cabling system will outlive all other networking components and will require only minimal upgrades

Advantages of Using Structured Cabling:

Consistency – Same cables exist everywhere in the building
Support of multi-vendor equipment - You can mix and match vendors
Simplifies moves adds and changes – As your company grows and/or moves locations with structured cabling your network resources are always ready to go.
Simplifies troubleshooting – With a wired structuring systems problems are easier to isolate and fix
Support of future applications – A Cat 5 or even Cat 6 compliant system will support future applications with little (if any) system upgrades.

All external data lines come into the property and are connected directly to a central control box. This box is usually the size of a large electric circuit breaker panel, and is placed in a similar location, such as in the basement or a utility closet. Within the control box, each incoming signal is split and sent down wires to multiple rooms. In a good quality central control box, the splitter will also contain a signal amplifier. This device makes sure each outgoing signal is as strong as the single incoming signal. Without an amplifier, the power of the incoming signal gets split among each outgoing wire, often resulting in significant performance loss. In layman's terms, this means a snowy TV or staticy phone line.

From this box, bundles of wires run through the walls to different rooms. With a good structured wiring package, these wires will be installed in a "home run" or "star topology" configuration. This means that each set of wires runs to only one outlet.

The wires included in the bundle vary by manufacturer, but you should look for at least two coaxial cables of RG-6 quality and two twisted pair cables of CAT-5 quality. Coaxial cable is just a fancy name for the typical black cable you use for purposes such as connecting your VCR to your television—the type with the copper wire sticking out the end and the annoying screw attachment. RG-6 is a rating of quality; some manufacturers use RG-59 or lower grades, but you should avoid these as your picture quality will not be as good. Twisted pair is another fancy name, and refers to the telephone cable that runs to the phone jack on your wall. It is called twisted pair as it consists of two wires that are twisted around each other. (As strange as it may seem, the twisting actually improves the quality of the signal!) CAT-5 is a an abbreviation for Category Five, another indicator of quality. Generally higher numbers indicate better quality, although you should note that CAT-5e is one step better than CAT-5.
 
 
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